Cardiovascular disease

Practice nurse Jan Proctor-King talks about cardiovascular disease risk. 

Most cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by risk factors that can be changed, treated or controlled – things like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, being overweight or obese, smoking, not enough exercise and diabetes.  

But some risk factors can’t be changed – advancing age, for example, brings with it more risk.  Gender also influences CVD risk.  Men are generally more at risk, as are women after the menopause.  And if you have a family history of CVD, where a close blood relative (mother, father, sister or brother) had CVD or stroke before the age of 55 years (for men) or 65 years (for women), this also increases the risk.